An argumentative essay is a type of essay that displays arguments about both sides of an issue. It can be that both sides are presented equally balanced, or it can be any particular one side is presented more forcefully compared to the other. It all depends on the writer, and what side he supports the absolute most. The typical structure of an essay that is argumentative this format:
- Introduction: Attention Grabber / hook, Background Information, Thesis Statement
- Body: Three body paragraphs (three major arguments)
- Counterargument: a disagreement to refute earlier arguments and give weight to the actual position
- Conclusion: Rephrasing the thesis statement, major points, call to attention, or remarks that are concluding.
Models for Argumentative Essays
There are two main major models besides this structure given above, which is called a classical model. Two other models are the Toulmin and Rogerian models.
Toulmin model is made up of an introduction with a claim or thesis, followed by presentation of data to aid the claim. Warrants are then listed for the good reasons to support the claim with backing and rebuttals. However, the Rogerian model asks to weigh two options, lists strengths and weaknesses of both options, and gives a recommendation after an analysis.
Examples of Argumentative Essay in Literature
Example #1: Put a Little Science that you experienced (by Brian Greene)
“When we consider the ubiquity of cellphones, iPods, computer systems and the Internet, it’s easy to understand how science (while the technology to which it leads) is woven to the fabric of our activities that are day-to-day. We can immediately appreciate how science affects the quality of our lives when we benefit from CT scanners, M.R.I. devices, pacemakers and arterial stents. When we assess the state of the world, and identify looming challenges like climate change, global pandemics, security threats and diminishing resources, we don’t hesitate in looking at science to assess the problems and locate solutions.
So when we consider the wealth of opportunities hovering on the horizon—stem cells, genomic sequencing, personalized medicine, longevity research, nanoscience, brain-machine interface, quantum computers, space technology—we realize how crucial it really is to cultivate a general public that can build relationships scientific issues; there’s no other way that as a society we are prepared to make informed decisions on a variety of problems that will shape the near future.”